Flat feet in children, in some cases their plantar arches do not develop properly, and in others, the condition occurs after birth.
Symptoms present in flatfoot include weakness and tightness around the inner side of the foot and ankle. Also, severe pain may develop in the leg and reach the knee, hip or back. These symptoms are accentuated as you stand in a static position for a prolonged period of time.
When this condition is detected in children, correction methods are used so that the child can lead a more comfortable life, because once the flatfoot is acquired, the condition does not heal completely.
Some of the recommendations given to parents aware from flat feet in children are the following:
- When choosing footwear for the child, they should consider that it should be long enough, with approximately one thumb’s space left over. Also, they should ensure that the shoe is wide enough, giving room for the toes.
- If warranted, the footwear should have a tight plantar arch support, to provide relief, this type of support should be performed by a specialist.
- The child should be taught not to stand in one position for too long, neither should sitting and crossing the knees, it is best to take an interlocking position. When walking, weight should be placed on the toes and outer edges of the foot.
An orthopedist can identify if your little one requires special care, such as massage, therapeutic exercises or devices.
A common condition, often seen in children, is due to the ligaments that tighten the sole of the foot not contracting enough to form the plantar arch, a process that is completed by age 2 or 3. Sometimes special measures are necessary if the child is in pain, but if there is no discomfort, special footwear is not necessary.
Some cases of flat feet in children are due to a congenital condition, because a family member has Ehlers-Danlos syndrome or Marfan syndrome.
The diagnosis of flat feet is made by a doctor. However, if you hear from your child that his or her foot, ankle, or lower leg hurts frequently, consider seeing a specialist to determine if he or she has flat feet.
If pain is not present, no treatment is necessary. On the contrary, if discomfort persists, you should consult with a specialist who will determine if you should use special devices, heels, wedges or insoles.
Arch support and leg stretching are often recommended. In a case of tertiary collision, treatment is based on rest and a splint; in more serious cases, surgery may be necessary.